In a comment to one of the many blog posts about a controversy concerning Georgetown University’s past with slavery, we read: “I did not enslave anyone
By Martin E. Marty|June 6, 2016
He rightfully reminded others that “it has been 150 years” since the founders of Georgetown sold 272 people into slavery, a horror story if we ever heard one, and we hear many. But “time has moved on.” What is more, “there is no one to ask forgiveness from, as the last slave died in the twentieth century.” The same responder went on to propose some practical reparatory and constructive attitudes and actions in our twenty-first century.
One of the fortunate by-products of a controversy, which could have degenerated into stale rehashing of charges about “Political Correctness” or blame games in which “the other” is always the errant party, results in part because of the locale and heritage of the current controversy. For example: too often public debates about what used to be called “sin” or “guilt” or “evil” has been softened into the pap of “I made a mistake.”
The Georgetown Jesuits of 1838 did not make a mistake. In terms that their religious order understands and fosters, they “sinned” in this gross misuse of humans. Margot Patterson in Jesuit-related America magazine noted how “Georgetown has been claiming its sinful history” and is grappling with means to deal with it. Patteron’s headline reflects this tradition: “Acts of Penance.”
Discussion of religion in public life too often thins out and fails to show how classic religious terms and issues can throw light on current issues, far beyond “my mistake” or “gotcha.” This one can be different. Cheered as we might be by the way Georgetown is very frankly and openly facing up to its ancestors’ sins and the need of its descendants in our time to look ahead, more is needed than “moving on.”
The public can debate and most will applaud Georgetown’s efforts to track down and reward descendants of the enslaved 272 or to address various other evils identifiable as directly related to slavery. But most cheering are the many comments, which regard the Georgetown incident as providing a “teaching moment” of great promise.
Immediately one can recognize that not only Georgetown and not only slavery need to be examined and dealt with. While, yes, “I didn’t enslave anyone” and “I didn’t profit by slavery” in a picky isolated sense, most of us citizens have to recognize that we “did” profit from slavery and its economic connections.
How to handle all this creatively? For beginnings, one asks the right questions. Philosopher Max Scheler in his provocative writings on “change of heart” is helpful. We’ll paraphrase, while trying to be faithful to his questions, even if only his “alas” words are literal.
Scheler reminds us that we cannot change the past. The past does not exist. What exists are attitudes toward past actions. So, yes, one first asks, “Alas! What did our ancestors do?” be they enslavers or other offenders. One studies history and gains perspective from such a question, but answering it changes little. So one next asks, “Alas! What did I [or my people, tribe, class, nation, church or order] do?” Answering that throws light on the past, but, still, the past is past.
So we move on to the fruits of “penance” and “listening” and “care for the other” by taking up Scheler’s next creative question: “What kind of person am I now that I am capable of doing [this or that] evil thing?”
The Georgetown incident and aftermath do not lead to the resolution of the heritage of slavery issues. But most religious and many spiritual traditions prompt self-examination and, following sacred texts and communities or “the better angels of our nature,” they can help effect more “reparations” than the responsible Georgetown folk themselves can offer.
Otherwise we are left with only an “Alas!”
George, Henry. December 9, 2015 (6:49 p.m.). Comment on The Editors, “Reconciliation at Georgetown.” America, December 7-14, 2015 issue.
Scheler, Max. “Ordo Amoris.” In Selected Philosophical Essays, translated by David R. Lachterman. Vol. in Phenomenology & Existential Philosophy, edited by John Wild, 98-135. Chicago: Northwestern University Press, 1973.
Spader, Peter H. “A change of heart: Scheler’s ‘Ordo Amoris,’ repentance and rebirth.” Listening 21 (Fall 1986): 188-196.
The Editorial Board. “Where Does Georgetown Start? By Listening.” New York Times, June 3, 2016, Opinion Pages.
The Editors. “Reconciliation at Georgetown.” America. December 7-14, 2015.
Patterson, Margot. “Acts of Penance.” America, June 6-13, 2016.
DeGioia, John J. “Regarding Our Efforts on Slavery and Racial Injustice.” Georgetown University website, April 19, 2016.
Lloyd, Alice B. “Slaves to History at Georgetown.” Weekly Standard, May 3, 2016.
Image: Georgetown University's Healy Hall. The Flemish Romanesque building houses the Office of the President; Credit: jpellgen / flickr creative commons.
Author, Martin E. Marty, is the Fairfax M. Cone Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History of Modern Christianity at the University of Chicago Divinity School. His biography, publications, and contact information can be found at www.memarty.com.
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