Martin E. Marty
David Gushee is Vice-President of the American Academy of Religion, President-Elect of the Society of Christian Ethics, and a Wilbur-Award-winning blogger, whose “beliefs” are categorized on his blog-head as “Christian Evangelical.” One of his recent blog posts is headlined “The problem of the half-churched Christian.” The commitment of millions of believers to any particular denomination, he observes, seems “wafer-thin.” So, “half-churched” and “wafer-thin:” two coinages for the price of one. The word “churched” would make Gushee’s observation sound particularly Christian, but his word would be applicable to synagogues and other companies of the attached as well.
Gushee wrote on St. Patrick’s Day (a day for many “half-churched” Catholics of Irish descent and commitments from wafer-thin to very thick levels), as he entered the familiar discussions of What are evangelicals, how many there are, why they are no longer easily defined or discerned, etc. Were he of “Mainline Protestant” descent—there’s another coinage of our times!—informed readers would not be surprised to hear of half-churched adherents, but: evangelicals? Were Gushee of Catholic cohorts, he could take for granted that most readers will know half-churched members with wafer-thin commitments in that communion. As for Jews? No doubt, you get the point.
But “evangelicals?” Many political opinionators and reporters still write as if they thought “evangelicals” were knee-jerk partisans who respond only to signals of “the radical right.” Gushee knows better, as does best-selling author Eric Metaxas, who one day later, on March 18, blogged “Evangelicals and Politics: So What Is an Evangelical, Anyway?” He demonstrated concern about the protean, sprawling, and anarchic assemblage belief- and action-system of people casually called “evangelical.”
As we read Gushee, Metaxas, and scores of leaders and writers who care about the integrity of their—or anyone else’s—religious commitment and the clarity of their actions, we will, in the case of the Christian market accept the term “half-churched.” Gushee knows that there have long been such, but he chronicles from his Baptist background the decline of membership, regular worship participation, mobility, hyper-individualism, the atomization of communities like congregations, denominations, and more, how the “half-churched” populations came about freshly in our times.
Through the years we find ourselves bemused by the drastic changes in the “evangelical” category, the degree to which old-line evangelicals are exploited in politics, pop-culture and the market place. This is not the time or place for nostalgia about “good old days.” Wafer-thin commitment in anything is not a new invention or pastime. But Gushee’s terms are handy devices for dealing with situations that demand attention by pro- or con-evangelicals or their cultural counterparts in a time of schisms, chaos, dabbling and, here and there, fresh commitments in coherent communities. “Mere” anarchy is loosed upon the world….? Or is “half-” this or that the appropriate term?
Gushee, David. “The problem of the half-churched Christian.” Religion News Service, March 17, 2016, Blogs.
Metaxas, Eric. “Evangelicals and Politics: So What Is an Evangelical, Anyway?” CNSNews.com, March 18, 2016, Commentary.
Putnam, Robert D. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.
Riesman, David. The Lonely Crowd: A Study of the Changing American Character. Second edition. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.
Image: Evangelical liturgy. Credit: michael_swan / flickr creative commons.
Author, Martin E. Marty, is the Fairfax M. Cone Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History of Modern Christianity at the University of Chicago Divinity School. His biography, publications, and contact information can be found at www.memarty.com.
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