Martin E. Marty
Sightings cannot fail to follow up on such clues, especially when the Post piece is grounded in a scientific source, none other than an issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). As if the attention of JAMA was not credentialing enough, one can invoke the source of the statistic-enriched data—the Harvard School of Public Health—which JAMA notes in an article co-authored by Tyler VanderWeele reporting on his and his colleagues’ work.
We’ve spent more lines than usual on the credentialing authority for this item, which has considerable relevance to any one chronicling “public religion” concerns, as we are commissioned to do. The study surveyed almost 75,000 white female (mainly) Protestant or Catholic nurses over a twenty-year period during which 13,000 died.
Here came the hard-to-overlook statistic: women who went to religious services “more than once a week,” it turned out, “had 33% lower mortality risk during the study period and lived an average of five months longer” compared to women who never attended services. The odds of dying went down not 33 but 26 percent for weekly attenders, and down only 13 percent for those who went less than weekly.
Comparative longevity interests have always been strong, but in recent times books on the ‘how-to live longer” shelves are multiplying explosively. Some of these advocate some vitamin, medication, or exercise. Will the findings on which VanderWeele and colleagues report lead to a surge in church attendance, one which might help counter the widely-reported on decline in worshipping at churches?
They are cautious: “Religion and spirituality may be an underappreciated resource that physicians could explore with their patients, as appropriate.” But: “Our results do not imply that health care professionals should prescribe attendance at religious services, but for those who already hold religious beliefs, attendance at services could be encouraged as a form of meaningful social participation.”
Attending services had several positive benefits: the longer-lived women were more likely to have quit smoking, were less likely to show signs of depression, and experienced that “service attendance is increasing social support.” Nurses in the study who suffered from breast cancer were less likely to die of it than were the non-regulars. VanderWeele: “[I]t was surprising.”
Zauzmer, being a responsible journalist, does not get carried away. She quotes skeptics who think all this has little to do with proving the existence or non-existence of God, and one said that common participation in worship is “just anthropologically one of the strongest ways human communities are held together.”
Responsible theologians, chaplains, spiritual leaders, and counselors also know how not to misuse the “33%”-type data. A person worships for intrinsic reasons, based in belief, spiritual experience, service-activities, friendship, and more. No JAMA report is likely to prompt mass church-going as a gimmick in the longevity game.
Still, just in case, some may wish to check out the effects of a report like this on attendance at any nearby Catholic or Protestant church—if they can find a seat in the newly crowded pews.
Egan, Timothy. “Aging in the Key of Humor.” New York Times, May 20. 2016, The Opinion Pages.
Zauzmer, Julie. “Another possible benefit of going to church: A 33 percent chance of living longer.” Washington Post, May 16, 2016, Acts of Faith.
Li, Shanshan, Meier J. Stampfer, David R. Williams, and Tyler J. VanderWeele. “Association of Religious Service Attendance With Morality Among Women.” JAMA Internal Medicine, May 16, 2016, Online First.
Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. “Frequent religious service attendance linked with decreased mortality risk among women.” May 16, 2016, News/Press Releases.
Vila, Alixandra Caole. “Eternal Life? Study Says Going to Church Kills Cancer, Makes You Live Longer.” Nature World News, May 18, 2016, News.
Storrs, Carina. “Going to church could help you live longer, study says.” CNN, May 16, 2016, Health.
Image: Episcopal Church women at the DaySpring Episcopal Conference Center, Nov 14, 2012; Credit: Episcopal Diocese of Southwest Florida / flickr creative commons.
Author, Martin E. Marty, is the Fairfax M. Cone Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History of Modern Christianity at the University of Chicago Divinity School. His biography, publications, and contact information can be found at www.memarty.com.
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