Recent Books by Faculty
In this new volume in the Writings from the Greco-Roman World series--John Chrysostom on Paul: Praises and Problem Passages-- Margaret M. Mitchell collects twenty-five of John Chrysostom’s lesser-known sermons on Pauline passages as well as some that focus on Paul himself. Mitchell presents the Greek text and an original translation of each of these fascinating sermons in a fresh, engaging style that seeks to recapture the vibrancy and dynamism of the live oratory behind the homilies. Extensive notes to each homily evaluate how Chrysostom dealt with some of the ethical, theological, historical, political, and literary problems present in Paul’s writings. Mitchell’s work on Chrysostom offers a model for scholars to explore and understand how ancient Christian interpreters found in Paul’s letters a legacy that was as problematic as it was precious.
In Religious Ethics: Meaning and Method, William Schweiker works to define the meaning of the field and present a distinct and original method for ethical reflection through comparisons of world religious traditions. This unique volume offers an innovative approach that reveals how religions concur and differ on moral matters,and provides practical guidance on thinking and living ethically. The book’s innovative method—integrating descriptive, normative, practical, fundamental, and metaethical dimensions of reflection—enables a far more complex and nuanced exploration of religious ethics than any single philosophical language, method, or theory can equal. The book moves through each of the five dimensions of reflection to compare concepts such as good and evil, perplexity and wisdom, truth and illusion, and freedom and bondage in various theological contexts.
In Second Texts and Second Opinions: Essays Towards a Jewish Bioethics, Laurie Zoloth takes as her book’s subject the intensely private discussions that arise when ordinary people confront life and death choices and struggle with decisions in a world of medical and scientific complexity. Her book explores the dilemmas presented in these cases and reflects on the competing, often incommensurate moral appeals offered by the participants. It then analyzes the cases against and with similar concepts within Jewish thought, using rabbinic texts to make legible the factors at play as one makes ethical judgments. This philosophical position is feminist as it considers and at times advocates for the inclusion of family and community in the rationale of the clinical setting. Intertwined with legal statements in the Talmud are aggadot,or midrashic texts, literary narratives used to argue a point, or to complicate a point, or to deepen the meaning of the communal discourse, adding history, case studies, or fictive tales to the discussion. Zoloth argues that these texts can be usefully applied to problems in bioethics. She develops the case for a textual turn that is fully imagined and enriched by the many possible re-interpretations of narrative: biblical, rabbinic, medieval, modern, and post-modern.
William Schweiker is editor of Ethics and Advocacy, which considers the connections and differences between critical reflection or moral arguments or narratives and advocacy for particular issues regarding justice and moral behavior and dispositions. The chapters in this volume share an interest in overcoming polarizing division that does not enable fruitful give-and-take discussion and even possible persuasive justifications. The authors all believe that both ethics and advocacy are important and should inform each other, but each offers a divergent point of view on the way forward to these agreed-upon ends. Their shared goal is to avoid academic withdrawal and to speak relevantly to the important issues of our day while halting--or at least mitigating--the disruptive discourse--almost shouting--that characterizes our polarized current society.
In Divine Inspiration in Byzantium, Karin Krause examines conceptions of divine inspiration and authenticity in the religious literature and visual arts of Byzantium. During antiquity and the medieval era, “inspiration” encompassed a range of ideas regarding the divine contribution to the creation of holy texts, icons, and other material objects by human beings. Krause traces the origins of the notion of divine inspiration in the Jewish and polytheistic cultures of the ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern worlds and their reception in Byzantine religious culture. Exploring how conceptions of authenticity are employed in Eastern Orthodox Christianity to claim religious authority, she analyzes texts in a range of genres, as well as images in different media, including manuscript illumination, icons, and mosaics. Her interdisciplinary study demonstrates the pivotal role that claims to the divine inspiration of religious literature and art played in the construction of Byzantine cultural identity.
In Phoenicians and the Making of the Mediterranean, Carolina López-Ruiz writes the first comprehensive history of the cultural impact of the Phoenicians, who knit together the ancient Mediterranean world long before the rise of the Greeks. The Phoenician imprint on the Mediterranean lasted nearly a thousand years, beginning in the Early Iron Age. Following the trail of the Phoenicians from the Levant to the Atlantic coast of Iberia, López-Ruiz offers the first full study of the cultural exchange that transformed the Mediterranean in the eight and seventh centuries BC. This meticulous document and boldly argued text revises the Hellenocentric model of the ancient world and restores from obscurity the true role of the Near Eastern societies in the history of early civilizations. . This book was awarded this year's Frank Moore Cross book award, given by the American Schools of Overseas Research (ASOR).
In Deuteronomy and the Pentateuch, Jeffrey Stackert navigates readers through the major topics in the interpretation of Deuteronomy and its relationship to the other four Pentateuchal books. He considers the relationship between law and narrative, the role of Deuteronomy in Israel’s history, its composition and reception history, the influence of cuneiform legal and treaty traditions, textual and archaeological evidence from the Levant and Mesopotamia, and the status of Deuteronomy within the larger biblical canon. Stackert’s book introduces ongoing debates surrounding Deuteronomy and offers a contemporary evaluation of the latest textual and material evidence.
In Environmental Guilt and Shame: Signals of Individual and Collective Responsibility and the Need for Ritual Responses, Professor Sarah E. Fredericks documents the existence of environmental guilt and shame in the contemporary United States through the analysis of many popular texts offering the most comprehensive documentation of these phenomena to date and suggests that existing rituals need significant enhancement to fully address these moral emotions and the environmental degradation that catalyzes them.
In Why Study Religion?, Richard Miller, Laura Spelman Rockefeller Professor of Religion, Ethics, and Politics, asks: Can the study of religion be justified? He observes that scholarship in religious studies, especially work in “theory and method,” is preoccupied with matters of research procedure and thus inarticulate about the goals that can motivate scholarship in the field. Taking up these issues, Miller identifies and assesses six prevailing methodologies in the field that symptomatize this inarticulacy and then offers an alternative framework for thinking about the purposes of the discipline. Miller’s framework, Critical Humanism, theorizes about the ends rather than the means of humanistic scholarship, focusing on four values: Post-critical Reasoning, Social Criticism, Cross-cultural Fluency, and Environmental Responsibility. Ordered to such purposes, Miller argues, scholars of religion can relax their commitment to matters of methodological procedure and advocate for the value of studying religion.
The Oxford Handbook of the Pentateuch, edited by Jeffrey Stackert and Joel Baden, provides a comprehensive survey of key topics and issues in contemporary pentateuchal scholarship, situating its discussions of current developments in pentateuchal studies in relation to the field's long history. It addresses not only recent debates about the formation of the Pentateuch and their implications for biblical scholarship, but also engages with questions of archaeology and history, the Pentateuch and the Samaritans, the relation between the Pentateuch and other Moses traditions in the Second Temple period, the Pentateuch and social memory.
The Lamp for Integrating the Practices (Caryamelapakapradipa):The Gradual Path of Vajrayana Buddhism by Aryadeva, in this edition thoroughly annotated and translated by Christian K. Wedemeyer, is a systematic and comprehensive exposition of the most advanced yogas of the Esoteric Community Tantra (Guhyasamaja-tantra) as espoused by the Noble (Nagarjuna) tradition, an influential school of interpretation within the Mahayoga traditions of Indian Buddhist mysticism. This edition includes an introductory study discussing the history of the Guhyasamaja and its exegetical traditions, surveying the scriptural and commentarial sources of the Nagarjuna tradition, and analyzing in detail the contents of the Lamp, as well as a detailed, trilingual glossary.
When Cone wrote Black Theology and Black Power, he signaled to the world that the American black faith tradition would no longer recognize the confines of the church walls as the extent of its purview in society. Black Faith and Public Talk, a collection of critical essays on James H. Cone's Black Theology and Black Power edited by Dwight N. Hopkins, continues Cone's theme of power in the public realm and examines the economic, political, cultural, gender, and theological implications of black faith and black theology.
In Environmental Guilt and Shame: Signals of Individual and Collective Responsibility and the Need for Ritual Responses, Sarah E. Fredericks documents the existence of both individual and collective environmental guilt and shame in the contemporary United States through the analysis of popular texts, examines how this relates to identity, and suggests that existing rituals need significant enhancement to fully address individual and collective guilt and shame and the environmental degradation that catalyzes them.
It is through the symbolic forms of language that the human world of value is revealed; in Fragile Finitude: A Jewish Hermeneutical Theology, Michael Fishbane clears new ground for a theological life through a novel reinterpretation of the Book of Job. He offers a contemporary engagement with the four classical types of Jewish Scriptural exegesis. The first focuses on worldly experience, the second on communal forms of practice and thought in the rabbinical tradition, the third on personal development, and the fourth on transcendent, cosmic orientations.
Figurines: Figuration and The Sense of Scale, edited by Jaś Elsner, presents comparative case-studies of figurines in different ancient historical cultures, offering new accounts from China, Mesoamerica, Greece, and the late antique Mediterranean, examining the historical contexts for the end of figurine production and the impact of ideological change on the archaeological record. Accessibly written by four leading scholars working at the intersection of archaeology and the history of art, this volume is an attempt to put the category of the figurine on the table as a key conceptual and material problematic in the art history of antiquity. At stake are issues of figuration and anthropomorphism, miniaturization and portability, one-off production and replication, and substitution and scale at the interface of archaeology and art history.
Imagining the Divine: Art in Religions of Late Antiquity across Eurasia, edited by Jaś Elsner and Rachel Wood, brings together scholars of the art and archaeology of late antiquity (c. 200−1000), across cultures and regions reaching from India to Iberia, to discuss how objects can inform our understanding of religions. This volume specifically seeks to explore the ramifications of placing objects first and foremost in the comparative study of religions in late antiquity, and to consider the potential for interdisciplinary conversation to reinvigorate the field.
In Thinking Nature and the Nature of Thinking: From Eriugena to Emerson, Willemien Otten puts medieval Irish theologian John Scottus Eriugena (810–877) into conversation with American philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882). Challenging the biblical stewardship model of nature and histories of nature and religion that pit orthodoxy against the heresy of pantheism, Otten reveals a line of thought that has long made room for nature's agency as the coworker of God. Embracing this more elusive idea of nature in a world beset by environmental crises, she suggests, will allow us to see nature not as a victim but as an ally in a common quest for re-attunement to the divine.
Medieval Jewish Philosophy and Its Literary Forms, edited by James Robinson and Aaron W. Hughes, considers Jewish philosophy in the medieval period and the connections that medieval Jewish thinkers made between the literary, the exegetical, the philosophical, and the mystical to shed light on the creativity and diversity of medieval thought. As they broaden the scope of what counts as medieval Jewish philosophy, the essays collected here consider questions about how an argument is formed, how text is put into the service of philosophy, and the social and intellectual environment in which philosophical texts were produced.
Maimonides’ Guide of the Perplexed in Translation: A History from the Thirteenth Century to the Twentieth, edited by James T. Robinson, Josef Stern, and Yonatan Shemesh, is the first volume to tell the story of the translations and translators of Maimonides’ Guide and its impact in translation on philosophy from the Middle Ages to the present day. This interdisciplinary collection of essays first traces the history of the translations of the Guide, from medieval to modern renditions and then surveys its influence in translation on Latin scholastic, early modern, and contemporary Anglo-American philosophy, as well as its impact in translation on current scholarship.
Devotion: Three Inquiries in Religion, Literature, and Political Imagination suggests different ways to characterize the object of devotion and the stance of the devout subject before it. What brings scholars of religion Sarah Hammerschlag ( Professor of Religion and Literature, Philosophy of Religions and History of Judaism), Constance M. Furey, Amy Hollywood together in this volume is a shared conviction that “reading helps us live with and through the unknown,” including times like these. They argue that what we read and what reading itself demands of us open new ways of imagining our political futures and our lives.
Reasons and Lives in Buddhist Traditions: this collection of essays pays tribute to Matthew Kapstein, Numata Professor of Buddhist Studies, a luminary in the field, by exemplifying some of the diverse work in Buddhist and Asian studies that has been impacted by his scholarship and teaching. Engaging matters as diverse as the legal foundations of Tibetan religious thought, the teaching careers of modern Chinese Buddhists, the history of Bhutan, and the hermeneutical insights of Vasubandhu, these essays are offered as testament to a singular scholar and teacher whose wide-ranging work is unified by a rare intellectual selflessness. Edited by Daniel A. Arnold, Associate Professor of Philosophy of Religions.
The Mystics of al-Andalus: Ibn Barrajān and Islamic Thought in the Twelfth Century by Yousef Casewit, Assistant Professor of Qur'anic Studies, focuses on the twelfth century CE, a watershed moment for mysticism in the Muslim West. In al-Andalus, the pioneers of this mystical tradition, the Mu'tabirun or 'Contemplators', championed a synthesis between Muslim scriptural sources and Neoplatonic cosmology. Ibn Barrajān of Seville was most responsible for shaping this new intellectual approach, and is the focus of Casewit's book.
The Iranian Metaphysicals: Explorations in Science, Islam, and the Uncanny by Alireza Doostdar, Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies and the Anthropology and Sociology of Religion, shows that metaphysical experimentation lies at the center of some of the most influential intellectual and religious movements in modern Iran. These forms of exploration have not only produced a plurality of rational orientations toward metaphysical phenomena but have also fundamentally shaped what is understood as orthodox Shi‘i Islam, including the forms of Islamic rationality at the heart of projects for building and sustaining an Islamic Republic. Winner of the 2018 Albert Hourani Book Award from MESA, the Middle East Studies Association.
Broken Tablets: Levinas, Derrida, and the Literary Afterline of Religion by Sarah Hammerschlag, Associate Professor of Religion and Literature, Philosophy of Religions and History of Judaism, is a reexamination of Derrida and Levinas's textual exchange. The book not only produces a new account of this friendship but also has significant ramifications for debates within Continental philosophy, the study of religion, and political theology.
The Political Lives of Saints: Christian-Muslim Mediation in Egypt by Angie Heo, Assistant Professor of the Anthropology and Sociology of Religion journeys into the quieter corners of divine intercession to consider what martyrs, miracles, and mysteries have to do with the routine challenges faced by Christians and Muslims living together under the modern nation-state. Drawing on years of extensive fieldwork, Angie Heo argues for understanding popular saints as material media that organize social relations between Christians and Muslims in Egypt toward varying political ends. With an ethnographer’s eye for traces of antiquity, she deciphers how long-cherished imaginaries of holiness broker bonds of revolutionary sacrifice, reconfigure national sites of sacred territory, and pose sectarian threats to security and order. A study of tradition and nationhood at their limits, The Political Lives of Saints shows that Coptic Orthodoxy is a core domain of minoritarian regulation and authoritarian rule, powerfully reversing the recurrent thesis of its impending extinction in the Arab Muslim world.
What do African American men have to do with gender? In Black Theology: Essays on Gender Perspectives, Professor of Theology Dwight N. Hopkins draws on over thirty-five years of wrestling with these questions. Too often gender is seen as a "woman's only" discussion. But in reality, men have a gender too. Some say it is biological; others claim it has to do with socialization. Hopkins's career has focused on defining what a black American man is, and how he builds bridges of support and engagement with women.
Varieties of Gifts: Multiplicity and the Well-Lived Pastoral Life is by Cynthia Gano Lindner, Director of Ministry Studies. The practice of ministry in our rapidly changing, increasingly diverse context is a complicated business. Varieties of Gifts highlights the stories of ministers who thrive in this environment, offering inspiration to readers—ministers, seminary students, and people who care for them—on engaging their own multiplicity to build healthy, sustainable ministry.
Brève apologie pour une moment catholique: Jean-Luc Marion, Andrew Thomas Greeley and Grace McNichols Greeley Professor of Catholic Studies and Professor of the Philosophy of Religions and Theology, explores the possibility that this could be an extraordinary moment in French history.
In Dark Lens: Imaging Germany, 1945, Françoise Meltzer, Edward Carson Waller Distinguished Service Professor in the Humanities and Professor of Philosophy of Religions, explores questions around the images of war ruins in Nazi Germany to investigate problems of aestheticization, the representation of catastrophe, and the targeting of civilians in war.
Friends and Other Strangers: Studies in Religion, Ethics, and Culture by Richard B. Miller, Laura Spelman Rockefeller Professor of Religious Ethics, seeks to chart and expand the field of religious ethics by exploring the implications of taking a cultural turn in the humanities and social sciences.
Emptiness and Omnipresence: An Essential Introduction to Tiantai Buddhism by Brook A. Ziporyn, Professor of Chinese Religion, Philosophy, and Comparative Thought, puts Tiantai into dialogue with modern philosophical concerns to draw out its implications for ethics, epistemology, and metaphysics. Ziporyn reveals the profound insights of Tiantai Buddhism while stimulating philosophical reflection on its unexpected effects