November 1, 2010
— Martin E. Marty
“Everybody’s talking” about data detailing decline of church and synagogue participation as revealed in a Pew Forum and by Putnam and Campbell in their new book American Grace. “Everybody” includes atheists, agnostics, “nones,” Protestants, Evangelicals, Catholics, Jews, and Mormons but not the Catholic bishops. So do judges Steinfels, who wrote A Church Adrift some years ago and who now follows up with an article, “Further Adrift: The American Church’s Crisis of Attrition.” The director of the Fordham Center on Religion and Culture, who most likely knows more about these things than anyone else, found no agenda topic on this for the mid-November U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops meeting. He writes with pain and regret about the public void.
Why should “everybody” who is not Catholic talk about such findings in the midst of talk about our ugliest elections, the World Series, and more? Isn’t it “none of our business?” No. Today the public fates of religions obviously do affect the larger culture, and Catholic fates also are often paralleled in other bodies. For years, talk about “decline” and “crisis” focused on Mainline Protestantism, but the surveys reveal that these trends have counterparts in most places. Steinfels sees Latino Catholics and Mormons, for the moment remaining exempt from some down-trends. Others? He quotes Putnam and Campbell on the point that “Evangelical growth. . . actually leveled off in the mid-1980s and early ‘90s.” Also, the bishops are now demonstrating cultural lag by “repeating the behavior of Religious Right leaders who have now faded from prominence.” The African-American churches are also not on a roll as they had been. Obviously, all these cohorts of religious populations suffer under similar cultural changes, about which no one church or its leaders, can do much, but the bishops are the current focus. Steinfels, being Steinfels, does find a few bright spots on the Catholic scene, and plays them up. But seeing mainly shadows, sunset, and gloom, he grieves.
Some shockers, based on the surveys: “One out of every three adult Americans who were raised Catholic have left the church.” Thomas Reese, S.J., editor of America, asks, “You wonder if the bishops have noticed.” Most diocesan papers, mainly boosters, are given to the two themes of “pro-life” and anti-gay marriage. These are perfectly legitimate topics of Catholic interest, but play little to no part in winning back the faithful. The surveys see them helping lose especially the young. Pope John Paul II had been seen to be attractive to youth, but the televised crowds he drew, says Steinfels, represented a “sampling error,” since the growth in the number of stay-at-homes was more significant.
“Catholicism,” says the Pew poll, “has lost more people to other religions or to no religion at all than any other single religious group.” Steinfels knows that most “other religious” people are not given to Schadenfreude, which would mean rejoicing over Catholic pain. They are this way partly out of Christian empathy or sympathy and partly because they need each other to face the cultural challenges. “Blaming the bishops” won’t solve anything. Steinfels can only mention in half-lines what he and others write about and call for at great length elsewhere: the need for improved (not traditionalist!) liturgy and worship, better pastoral care, address to the particular needs of various groups, more building on the already prospering lay groups which compensate for some of the personnel losses that are part of the crisis in priestly vocations. His title key word, “Adrift,” remains too apt a metaphor for the complex real world.
Robert D. Putnam and David E. Campbell, American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2010).
Peter Steinfels, "Further Adrift: The American Church's Crisis of Attrition" Commonweal, October 22, 2010.
Martin E. Marty's biography, current projects, publications, and contact information can be found at www.illuminos.com.